Mixed migration routes and dynamics in Libya: Refugees and migrants’ access to food, shelter & NFIs, WASH and assistance in Libya, November 2018


As of October 2018, the United Nations (UN) estimates that 798,000 individuals are in need of humanitarian assistance in Libya. Of them, 412,000 are refugees and migrants,1 including individuals who are in Libya primarily to work and individuals who aim to transit to Europe from Libyan shores. The majority of them live outside detention centres, where data collection for this study took place.2

Since the beginning of 2018, the body of literature on the situation of refugees and migrants in Libya has been growing.

Studies conducted in the course of 2018 have focused on the protection risks refugees and migrants face in Libya, their mobility within the country, access to cash, and the impact of the European Union (EU) migration measures and the liquidity crisis on the everyday lives of refugees and migrants in Libya.3

However, only very limited information has previously been available on refugees and migrants' needs in other key humanitarian sectors, including on refugees' and migrants' access to food, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter and non-food items (NFIs),4 as well as their access to assistance in Libya.

IMPACT, in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), conducted an assessment on refugees and migrants' access to food, shelter and NFIs, WASH and assistance to inform humanitarian response planning in these sectors in support of the InterSector Coordination Group's Humanitarian Needs Overview 2019. Data collection took place between 14 and 23 September 2018 in the east, west, and south of Libya, more specifically, in Tobruk, Sebha, Misrata, Ejdabia and Zwara. Data was collected through 151 semi-structured individual interviews with refugees and migrants, sampled on the basis of their region of origin and time of arrival in Libya. In parallel, REACH conducted in 2018 a multi-sector needs assessment (MSNA) to shed light on Libyans' needs and vulnerabilities in the country. The indicators used for the MSNA and this present assessment were drafted to allow for comparison when appropriate. Results are based on qualitative data, all findings should be treated as indicative only

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees